Grammar Quiz

Grammar Quiz

What is Gender in English?

Gender of Nouns: The word gender in English is taken from Latin (genus), which means kind or class. In the English language, the gender grammatical distinction corresponds with the natural difference of sex. Many languages around the world use gender. Gender in a language is just a way of classifying nouns into classes. They may refer to male or female. To decide which personal pronoun and which possessive determiner should be used instead of the noun going before the gender differentiation in such cases is relevant. For example
She found her phone.
She had been looking for it.
Here is her bag; take it away.
I think she had been looking for it.
All nouns in English fall into four gender groups.

What is Masculine Gender?

The noun refers to male people or animals is known as masculine gender. We use them with the pronouns he, his, him.
Father, boy, bull, man, Mr. David, etc., are nouns of masculine gender.

What is Feminine Gender?

The noun refers to female people or animals is known as feminine gender. We use them with the pronouns she, her, hers.
Sister, girl, heroine, woman, empress, etc., are nouns of feminine gender.

The Neuter Gender Nouns

Things that have no apparent gender (lifeless things) are called neuter. In some exceptional cases, we associate the neuter gender with children and small animals. For example
My son loves his little cat and cannot do without it.
I saw a black dog. It was running across the road.
The horse fell and broke its leg.
When we saw the baby, it was crying.
Nouns refer to abstract notions, and inanimate objects also fall in the category of neuter gender.
Examples of Nouns of neuter gender are

The Common Gender Nouns

A noun that refers to either male or female is called common gender.
Examples of Common gender are 

Rules of Forming the Feminine from Masculine Gender

We can distinguish the genders of nouns using three ways. 

Firstly, we are employing an entirely different word to form the feminine. 

Masculine Feminine
Boy Girl
Boar Sow
Husband Wife
King Queen
Uncle Aunt
Wizard Witch
Son Daughter
Sloven Slut
Brother Sister
Father Mother
Colt Filly
Hero Heroine
Tutor Governess
Bull Cow
Dog Bitch
Mallard Wild Duck
Horse or Stallion  Mare
Bachelor Spinster
Youth Maiden
Lad Lass
Cock Hen
Buck Doe
Fox Vixen
Gander Goose
Tomcat Tabby Cat
Lord Lady
Lad Lass
Nephew Niece
Widower Widow
Bride-groom Bride
Sir Madam
Papa Mama
Ram Ewe
Rooster Hen
Bullock or Steer Heifer
Mr. Mrs.
Tailor Dressmaker
Gentleman Lady
Sultan Sultana
Signor Signora
In a second way, the suffix “-ess,” “ix,” “en,” “in” is added to the masculine gender to form its feminine.
Masculine Feminine
Abbot Abbess
Author Authoress
Actor Actress
Hunter Huntress
Poet Poetess
God Goddess
Governor Governess
Founder Foundress
Instructor Instructress
Giant Giantess
Prince Princess
Peer Peeress
Priest Priestess
Prophet Prophetess
Protector Protectress
Patron Patroness
Conductor Conductress
Tiger Tigress
Host Hostess
Shepherd Shepherdess
Sorcerer Sorceress
Songster Songstress
Director Directress
Dauphin Dauphiness
Deacon Deaconess
Manager Manageress
Master Mistress
Waiter Waitress
Emperor Empress
Steward Stewardess
Lion Lioness
Duke Duchess
Count Countess
Marquess Marchioness
Mayor Mayoress
Negro Negress
Baron Baroness
Ambassador Ambassadress
Murderer Murderess
Benefactor Benefactress
By placing a feminine word before or after a masculine
Masculine Feminine
Grandfather Grandmother
Boy cousin Girl cousin
Boyfriend Girlfriend
Manservant Woman servant
Milkman Milkmaid
Landlord Landlady
The sun, time, winter, summer, dawn, morn, and death are made masculine. The moon, the earth, the night is feminine. 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *