Comparison of Adjectives
An adjective is a modifying word used with a noun or pronoun. Comparison of adjectives means to express more or less of a quality of someone or something. There are three degrees of comparison.
The Positive Degree of Adjectives
The base form of an adjective is called a positive degree. This form of an adjective denotes the simple quality, and it is used when we do not need any comparison. In the following examples, all the adjectives are used to their positive degree.
- Ahmad is a beautiful boy.
- She has a lucky friend.
- This mango is nice and juicy.
- There are many tall buildings in that city.
The positive degree is also used to express equality in quality. In this case, the adjective comes in this order.
As + adjective + as
Hakeem is as beautiful as his sister.
The baby is as beautiful as a flower.
His face is as white as snow.
My car can’t run as fast as yours.
He’ll soon be as tall as his other brothers.
Negative Form: Not as + adjective + as
Today is not as sunny as yesterday.
My shoes are not as expensive as yours.
This mango is not as sweet as that one.
He is not as polite as his brother.
The Comparative Degree of Adjectives
The comparative degree is used to denote a higher or lower degree of quality. To compare two things or a set of things, the comparative degree of that adjective should be used. The word “than” is used after the comparative degree to introduce the thing that the subject is being compared to.
- It is colder this night.
- He is more careful than his father.
- His health is getting better day by day.
- You are luckier than me.
The Superlative Degree of Adjectives
The form of adjective which denotes the highest or lowest degree of the quality is known as a superlative degree. It expresses the things or persons which possess more or less of the specific quality than anything or anyone else of the same kind.
- Suliman is the strongest king of the 15th century.
- She is the most beautiful woman.
- Where is the nearest petrol pump?
- I am the youngest of our family.
- He is the richest of all.
- That was the largest city we have ever visited.
- June is the hottest month of the year.
- She bought the most expensive clothes.
Rules of Comparative and Superlative Degree of Adjectives
The formation of the comparative and superlative degree of adjectives mostly depends on the ending of the positive degree. But with many adjectives, we can form their comparative and superlative without any specified rules for their formation.
Most monosyllabic and some adjectives with two syllables form their comparative degree by adding –er to the base form of the adjective and form superlative by adding -est to the comparative.
When the positive degree ends in e, r “st” is added to form the comparative and superlative degree.
To form the comparative and superlative of one-syllable adjectives preceded by a singlevowel, add “-er” or “-est” and double the consonant that an adjective ends with.
But the final consonant is not doubled before adding “-er” and “-est”if another consonant or double vowels precede it.
When the adjective end in -y change the -y into “i” and add -erand -est
Comparison of Adjectives (Adjectives with Three or More Syllables)
Many adjectives have three or more syllables which we call long adjectives. Adjectives that have two syllables but do not end in y also fall in this group. With such adjectives, the comparative and superlative are formed using more and most before them.
|Courageous||More Courageous||Most Courageous|
|Wonderful||More Wonderful||More Wonderful|
|Splendid||More Splendid||Most Splendid|
|Comfortable||More Comfortable||Most Comfortable|
|Difficult||More Difficult||Most Difficult|
|Famous||More Famous||Most Famous|
|Delicious||More Delicious||Most Delicious|
|Specific||More Specific||Most Specific|
|Miserable||More Miserable||Most Miserable|
|Efficient||More Efficient||Most Efficient|
|Accurate||More Accurate||Most Accurate|
|Useful||More Useful||Most Useful|
|Intelligent||More Intelligent||Most Intelligent|
|Foolish||More Foolish||Most Foolish|
|Generous||More Generous||Most Generous|
|Careless||More Careless||Most Careless|
|Dangerous||More Dangerous||Most Dangerous|
|Active||More Active||Most Active|
|Cheerful||More Cheerful||Most Cheerful|
|Charming||More Charming||Most Charming|
Note: To get the opposite meaning, replace more by “less” and most by “least.“
Irregular Degree of Comparison of Adjectives
With Some adjectives, the comparative and superlative forms are entirely different from the base form called irregular comparison.
The following adjectives either take –er and –est or more and most in forming their comparative and superlative degrees, respectively.
- He is cleverer/more clever than him.
- It is the simplest/most simple question of all.
Some adjectives show absolute position; such adjectives do not have comparative and superlative forms. for example
Modifying Adjective Comparison
Sometimes we need to make the adjective comparison stronger or weaker. To do this, we need to put a modifying word before the comparative adjective.
- He is much stronger than me.
- She is a bit taller than her brother.
- The laptop is a lot more expensive than the tablet.
- My shoes are slightly simpler than yours.