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Adverb Clause of Contrast

What is Adverbial Clause of Contrast?

An adverb clause of contrast is a subordinate clause that gives information that contrasts with the information in the main clause. 

Example
Although he failed to pass the test himself, he helped Ali get high marks. 
Main clause: he helped Ali get high marks. 
Conjunction: although
Subordinate clause: he failed to pass the test himself
The conjunction ‘although’ shows an unexpected contrast between the two things that happened in the main and subordinate adverbial clauses.

We begin an adverb clause of contrast with the following subordinating conjunctions.
  • although
  • even though 
  • whereas
  • though
  • while
  • even if 
  • whilst 
  • however
  • whatever 
  • much as
  • no matter what
  • no matter how
  • in spite of 

Examples of Adverb Clause of Contrast

  • Julia does this job even though she hates it.
  • While he likes studying new books, he hates studying!
  • Though he is old, he is intelligent.
  • Whatever money he has, he is unhappy.
  • I bought a bike, though I was still too young to learn to ride. 
  • Rich as he was, he was never content.
  • In spite of playing with many players, I won easily. (= In spite of +ing means Although)
  • Despite being tired, I decided to go to the stadium.
  • Although I am very happy in London, I still miss my home.
  • Even though it is very hard to learn a new language, many people do it anyway.
  • Although we forbade the assignment, she has done it.
  • In spite of the difficulties, I started a new course at the University.
  • In spite of the fact that the law says everyone has equal rights, some people are still suffering.
  • His computer is new and fast while mine is old and slow.
  • Though she is poor, she is generous with her money.
  • They would not complete it even if you paid them.
  • Despite the rain, she went to school.
  • My house is big whereas yours is small.
  • No matter how honest he is, I don’t trust him.
  • However cheap that house is, I won’t be able to buy it.
  • No matter what the man says, I won’t believe him.

Adverb Clause of Contrast (Even though and even if Difference)

‘Even though’ can be used to mean ‘despite the fact that’ and even if to tell ‘whether or not.’ For example, compare the following two sentences.
  • Even though the boy doesn’t pass the test, I think he should still attempt the paper.                                           (It means he doesn’t pass the test)
  • Even if the boy doesn’t pass the test, I think he should still attempt the paper.                                                       (We do not know definitely whether he pass the test or not)
Even though and although do not usually use at the end of a statement but we can use though in a speech at the end of a statement to show contrast with the preceding statement. 
I adjusted to life in a new country. It was difficult, though.

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