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The Gender of Nouns (Rules with Examples)

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What is Gender in English

The word gender in English is taken from Latin (genus), which means kind or class. In the English language, the gender grammatical distinction corresponds with the natural difference of sex. Many languages around the world use gender. Gender in a language is just a way of classifying nouns into classes. They may refer to male or female. To decide which personal pronoun and which possessive determiner should be used instead of the noun going before the gender differentiation in such cases is relevant. For example

She found her phone.
She had been looking for it.
Here is her bag; take it away.
I think she had been looking for it.

All nouns in English fall into four gender groups.

What is Masculine Gender

The noun refers to male people or animals is known as masculine gender. We use them with the pronouns he, his, him.

Father, boy, bull, man, Mr. David, etc., are nouns of masculine gender.

What is Feminine Gender

The noun refers to female people or animals is known as feminine gender. We use them with the pronouns she, her, hers.
Sister, girl, heroine, woman, empress, etc., are nouns of feminine gender.

The Neuter Gender Nouns

Things that have no apparent gender (lifeless things) are called neuter. In some exceptional cases, we associate the neuter gender with children and small animals. For example

My son loves his little cat and cannot do without it.
I saw a black dog. It was running across the road.
The horse fell and broke its leg.
When we saw the baby, it was crying.

Nouns refer to abstract notions, and inanimate objects also fall in the category of neuter gender.

Examples of Nouns of neuter gender are
Chair
Table
Pen
Book
Mobile
Stone
Box
House
Glass 

The Common Gender Nouns

A noun that refers to either male or female is called common gender.
Examples of Common gender are 

Baby
Student
Scientist
Doctor
Parents
Dancer
Manager
Engineer
Singer
Friend
Speaker
Rider
Reporter
Cousin
Journalist

Rules of Forming the Feminine from Masculine Gender

We can distinguish the genders of nouns using three ways. 

Firstly, we are employing an entirely different word to form the feminine. 

Masculine Feminine
Head1Boy Head2Girl
Head1Boar Head2Sow
Head1Husband Head2Wife
Head1King Head2Queen
Head1Uncle Head2Aunt
Head1Wizard Head2Witch
Head1Son Head2Daughter
Head1Sloven Head2Slut
Head1Brother Head2Sister
Head1Father Head2Mother
Head1Colt Head2Filly
Head1Hero Head2Heroine
Head1Tutor Head2Governess
Head1Bull Head2Cow
Head1Dog Head2Bitch
Head1Mallard Head2Wild Duck
Head1Horse or Stallion Head2Mare
Head1Bachelor Head2Spinster
Head1Youth Head2Maiden
Head1Lad Head2Lass
Head1Cock Head2Hen
Head1Buck Head2Doe
Head1Fox Head2Vixen
Head1Gander Head2Goose
Head1Tomcat Head2Tabby Cat
Head1Lord Head2Lady
Head1Lad Head2Lass
Head1Nephew Head2Niece
Head1Widower Head2Widow
Head1Bride-groom Head2Bride
Head1Sir Head2Madam
Head1Papa Head2Mama
Head1Ram Head2Ewe
Head1Rooster Head2Hen
Head1Bullock or Steer Head2Heifer
Head1Mr. Head2Mrs.
Head1Tailor Head2Dressmaker
Head1Gentleman Head2Lady
Head1Sultan Head2Sultana
Head1Signor Head2Signora

In a second way, the suffix “-ess,” “ix,” “en,” “in” is added to the masculine gender to form its feminine.

Masculine Feminine
Head1Abbot Head2Abbess
Head1Author Head2Authoress
Head1Actor Head2Actress
Head1Hunter Head2Huntress
Head1Poet Head2Poetess
Head1God Head2Goddess
Head1Governor Head2Governess
Head1Founder Head2Foundress
Head1Instructor Head2Instructress
Head1Giant Head2Giantess
Head1Prince Head2Princess
Head1Peer Head2Peeress
Head1Priest Head2Priestess
Head1Prophet Head2Prophetess
Head1Protector Head2Protectress
Head1Patron Head2Patroness
Head1Conductor Head2Conductress
Head1Tiger Head2Tigress
Head1Host Head2Hostess
Head1Shepherd Head2Shepherdess
Head1Sorcerer Head2Sorceress
Head1Songster Head2Songstress
Head1Director Head2Directress
Head1Dauphin Head2Dauphiness
Head1Deacon Head2Deaconess
Head1Manager Head2Manageress
Head1Master Head2Mistress
Head1Waiter Head2Waitress
Head1Emperor Head2Empress
Head1Steward Head2Stewardess
Head1Lion Head2Lioness
Head1Duke Head2Duchess
Head1Count Head2Countess
Head1Marquess Head2Marchioness
Head1Mayor Head2Mayoress
Head1Negro Head2Negress
Head1Baron Head2Baroness
Head1Ambassador Head2Ambassadress
Head1Murderer Head2Murderess
Head1Benefactor Head2Benefactress

By placing a feminine word before or after a masculine

Masculine Feminine
Head1Grandfather Head2Grandmother
Head1Boy cousin Head2Girl cousin
Head1Boyfriend Head2Girlfriend
Head1Manservant Head2Woman servant
Head1Milkman Head2Milkmaid
Head1Landlord Head2Landlady

The sun, time, winter, summer, dawn, morn, and death are made masculine. The moon, the earth, the night is feminine. 

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